Hybrid vehicles – environment: influence
Hybrid cars – what are they hiding? All their advantages and nuances of work are sometimes unknown even to their owners.
Recall that the automotive industry today is ready to offer users: serial and parallel varieties of hybrids.
What features and benefits can you find in hybrid cars?
Parallel hybrid cars are vehicles that hide both an internal combustion engine (ICE) and an electric motor with batteries under their hood. The internal combustion engine runs on gasoline, but the owner can always switch on the go from one type of fuel to another. Such a system of car work is great for raising speed limits.
Serial hybrids are distinguished by the presence of a generator that operates on the influence of the internal combustion engine. It is the generator that helps the batteries charge by increasing the power of the electric motors. Such a vehicle is not capable of driving simply in the presence of liquid fuel.
The presence of electric motors guarantees the best mileage of the car. In addition, fuel in hybrids is always not used so actively, which is reflected in the final spending of the owners of such cars, in contrast to the owners of standard cars. Such economy in “petrol appetites” demonstrates an increase in mileage – 20-30 miles/1 gallon.
When the hybrid is stopped, it immediately responds by shutting down the engine, which will return to work when the gas pedal is pressed. This technique, by the way, is a great fuel economy.
When the battery begins to demonstrate low power, it will immediately receive recharge from the internal combustion engine.
Economical consumption of gasoline means not only cost savings, but also a decrease in harmful emissions into the atmosphere. Standard cars emit several times more poisonous emissions than hybrid ones. The same can be said about carbon dioxide emissions, because it is CO2 that is considered to be the cause of global climate change on Earth.
Hybrids – what’s under the hood?
Hybrid cars, like standard cars, have several important parts:
- internal combustion engine – note that these internal combustion engines are more efficient than those found in conventional cars, but have less overall dimensions;
- fuel compartment – has a smaller size, because a hybrid car does not require as much fuel as a traditional vehicle;
- an electric motor is not only an engine, but also a generator, which stores energy from batteries and is able to increase the power of the car to a significant extent, and deceleration entails automatic recharging;
- battery – “trigger” for the electric motor;
- transmission – the activity is no different from a similar part in conventional cars.
The battery is charged from the electric motor, and during braking, it returns from the motor in a circle back to the battery. Such inhibition is also called regenerative.
In hybrids, it is very important to behave properly with batteries that need to be properly maintained and recharged on time.